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[在線翻譯英語]純天然果汁也有害?喝果汁早逝危險比含糖飲料還高!

  [在線翻譯英語]純天然果汁也有害?喝果汁早逝危險比含糖飲料還高!

  多喝果汁讓人更健康?美國一項最新研討或許會推翻你的認知。上周五宣布的一項最新研討報告稱,即便是100%的純果汁也會構成健康危險。

  Many sugar-sweetened beverages have little to no nutritional value and lots of calories, and their harmful health effects have been well-documented. Now, a study links drinking too many sugary beverages -- and even 100% natural fruit juices -- to an increased risk of early death.

  很多含糖飲料根本沒有營養價值,而且富含卡路里,有充足的依據說明它們的健康損害。但一項最新研討標明,喝太多含糖飲料,乃至是純天然果汁,會添加早逝危險。

  Specifically, drinking an excessive amount of fruit juice could lead to an increased risk of premature death ranging from 9% to 42%, according to the study, published Friday in the journal JAMA Network Open.

  一項于5月17日宣布在《美國醫學會雜志·網絡開放》上的研討標明,特別是過量飲用果汁或許會將早逝幾率添加9%至42%。

  Overall, the sugars found in orange juice, although naturally occurring, are pretty similar to the sugars added to soda and other sweetened beverages, the study suggests.

  研討標明,雖然整體來看,橙汁中的糖是天然的,但仍與汽水等其他含糖飲料的糖十分相似。

  "Sugary beverages, whether soft drinks or fruit juices, should be limited," Jean A. Welsh, a co-author of the study and an assistant professor in the Department of Pediatrics at Emory University in Atlanta, wrote in an email.

  研討報告作者之一、美國亞特蘭大埃默里大學兒科學助理教授吉恩·A·威爾士說:“含糖飲料,無論是軟飲料還是果汁,都應該加以限制。”

  Seven US cities, including New York and most recently Philadelphia, have levied taxes on sweetened drinks with added sugar in an effort to reduce consumption.

  美國紐約等7個城市的政府已對添加糖的甜飲料進行納稅,控制人們消費,最近費城也開始對此納稅。

  The new study defined "sugary beverages" as both sugar-sweetened thirst-quenchers, like soda and fruit-flavored infusions, and 100% natural fruit juices that have no added sugar. So how does fruit juice stack up against soda?

  這份新研討將汽水和水果味飲料等飲品、以及100%無添加糖的天然果汁一同界說為“含糖飲料”。

  "Previous research has shown that high consumption of sugars like those in soft drink and fruit juices is linked to several cardiovascular disease risk factors," Welsh explained.

  威爾士解釋說:“此前的研討標明,從軟飲料和果汁中攝入太多糖分與數個心血管疾病危險因素相關。”

  Obesity, diabetes and elevated triglycerides (a type of fat found in the blood) are among the risk factors linked to excessive sugar intake. "Few studies have been able to look at how this consumption might impact mortality risk," she said.

  肥胖癥、糖尿病和甘油三酯(血液中的一種脂肪)升高是與攝入過多糖分相關的危險因素。她說:“之前的研討根本沒有觸及這種糖分攝入會構成逝世危險。”

  Welsh and her coauthors analyzed data from 13,440 adults 45 and older, nearly 60% men and almost 71% of them overweight or obese.

  威爾士與其同事剖析了13440名45歲及以上成年人(近60%為男性,其中近71%為超重或肥胖)的相關數據。

  People who consumed 10% or more of their daily calories as sugary beverages had a 44% greater risk of dying due to coronary heart disease and a 14% greater risk of an early death from any cause compared with people who consumed less than 5% of their daily calories as sugary beverages, the study showed.

  研討顯現,與每日攝入的卡路里中不到5%來自于含糖飲料的人們比較,每日攝入的卡路里中10%以上來自含糖飲料的人們死于冠心病的危險要高出44%,因任何原因早逝的危險高出14%。

  Each additional 12-ounce serving of fruit juice per day was associated with a 24% higher risk of death from any cause, and each additional 12-ounce serving of sugary beverages per day was associated with an 11% higher risk.

  每天每添加12盎司(約合355ml)的果汁攝入量,任何原因導致的逝世危險都將添加24%;每添加12盎司的含糖飲料,危險會添加11%。

  This is one of the first studies to examine the relationship between sugary drinks, including 100% fruit juices, and early death, wrote Marta Guasch-Ferré, a research scientist in the Department of Nutrition at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and Dr. Frank B. Hu, a professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School, in an editorial published alongside the new study.

  哈佛大學陳曾熙公共衛生學院營養學研討科學家瑪爾塔·瓜施-費雷及哈佛醫學院教授弗蘭克·B·胡博士在與這項新研討一同宣布的一篇文章中寫道,這是研討包含純天然果汁在內的含糖飲料與早逝之間聯系的最早的研討之一。

  "Although fruit juices may not be as deleterious as sugar-sweetened beverages, their consumption should be moderated in children and adults, especially for individuals who wish to control their body weight," Guasch-Ferré and Hu wrote.

  兩位教授還寫道:“雖然果汁或許不像加糖飲料有那么多害處,但兒童和成年人還是應該節制果汁的攝入量,尤其是那些希望控制體重的人。”

  The recommendations for kids between 1 and 6 years old are to limit fruit juice consumption to 6 ounces per day, while children 7 years and older, teens and adults should limit fruit juice to 8 ounces per day, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics and the Dietary Guidelines for Americans.

  美國兒科學會和美國飲食攻略主張,1到6歲兒童對果汁的攝入量應控制在每天6盎司(約合177ml)之內,而7歲及以上兒童、青少年及成人每天攝入量應限制在8盎司(約合237 ml)之內。

  "Further research is needed to examine the health risks and potential benefits of specific fruit juices," Guasch-Ferré and Hu said.

  兩位教授寫道:“特定果汁對健康形成的危險及其潛在好處還需進一步研討。”

  Welsh said we need to consider both fruit juices and sugar-sweetened beverages when we think about how much sugar we consume each day. Between the two, she tipped the scales in favor of fruit juice: "Given its vitamin and mineral content, fruit juice in small amounts may have a beneficial effect that isn't seen with sodas and other sugar-sweetened beverages."

  威爾士說,在考慮我們每天攝入多少糖分時,我們需要考慮到果汁和含糖飲料。在這兩者之間,她更傾向于果汁,“果汁中富含維生素和礦物質,少量果汁對健康有利,而汽水和其他含糖飲料沒有這種好處。”

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